Publications by Daniel H. Joyner


Joyner, Interpreting the NPT coverDaniel H. Joyner, Interpreting the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) xiv-184 pp.

The 1968 Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty has proven the most complicated and controversial of all arms control treaties, both in principle and in practice.

Statements of nuclear-weapon States from the Cold War to the present, led by the United States, show a disproportionate prioritization of the non-proliferation pillar of the Treaty, and an unwarranted underprioritization of the civilian energy development and disarmament pillars of the treaty.

This book argues that the way in which nuclear-weapon States have interpreted the Treaty has laid the legal foundation for a number of policies related to trade in civilian nuclear energy technologies and nuclear weapons disarmament. These policies circumscribe the rights of non-nuclear-weapon States under Article IV of the Treaty by imposing conditions on the supply of civilian nuclear technologies. They also provide for the renewal and maintaintenance, and in some cases further development of the nuclear weapons arsenals of nuclear-weapon States.

The book provides a legal analysis of this trend in treaty interpretation by nuclear-weapon States and the policies for which it has provided legal justification. It argues, through a close and systematic examination of the Treaty by reference to the rules of treaty interpretation found in the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, that this disproportionate prioritization of the non-proliferation pillar of the Treaty leads to erroneous legal interpretations in light of the original balance of principles underlying the Treaty, prejudicing the legitimate legal interests of non-nuclear-weapon States.

“This study is a remarkable one and is greatly welcomed at an important juncture and after a successful NPT Review Conference in 2010. Daniel H. Joyner has relied on solid grounds in interpreting the Treaty, not relying entirely on statements made by certain officials and personalities involved in negotiating the Treaty. Since my book was published more than 30 years ago, it is a great source of comfort to find such a new and remarkable study that greatly enhances our understanding of the NPT and which can be considered as an inescapable companion to my study of the NPT negotiations. This new study should be a required reading to any one who would wish to deal with nonproliferation” – Ambassador Mohamed Shaker, President of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, Author of The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty: Origin and Implementation 1959-1979 (1980)